Nicolas Chrissutianto and Ranjith Kingston Gladstone

Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies

Nicolas Anugerah Chrissutianto was born in March 1, 2001 in Klaten, Indonesia to parents Donny Chrissutianto and Maria Nurdiana. He has a little sister named Kezia Charisma Chrissutianto and she is just two years old. At present, he is in Grade 12 at AIIAS Academy.


Sleep is an essential phase of every living being’s everyday life cycle. However, activities engaged in this modern world by the teenagers cause lack of sleep, resulting in negative impact. In addition, both restoration theory by Oswald and Hibernation theory of Webb explain the results of lack of sleep to be causing daydreams, restlessness in the body, having difficulty with memory, etc. Studies done in this area highlights the cause and challenges of teenagers’ sleep deprivation, but there are no direct studies done in relation with multicultural community. Therefore, this qualitative research identified the factors of sleeping deprivation for teenagers in a multicultural community using case study design. There were 12 participants as purposive sampling from the 70 countries representatives who are residing in an International Higher Education Institution. Data were collected through interviews, focus group, and observation. Upon coding the data, categories, themes were developed. Findings revealed that the major causes are: activities for the self (video games, watching movie, social media), mental activities (having too much napping), and physical activities (house chores). Recommendations are presented to both teenagers and the teachers who may deal with them in the classroom.


Keywords: qualitative research, case study, teenagers sleep habits, multi-cultural community, restoration theory, and hibernation theory