Leomel Jezter P. Bellosillo
Adventist University of the Philippines
Sanitation and hygiene are important factors in the growth of soil transmitted helminthiasis (STH), which nearly affects 24% of the world population; the highest prevalence seen in developing countries, specifically among school aged children and those living in coastal areas. The purpose of this study was to assess the need of a supplementary educational program to a deworming initiative along the coastal areas in the municipality of Macalelon, Quezon. This cross-sectional study used a stratified sampling method to select family respondents. A questionnaire and the data from the barangay hall and health center were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics such frequency and percentage. The data showed a steady increase in prevalence in the months after deworming which is congruent with 88% participation to deworming but still have a 50% re-infection. Furthermore, about 28% of the houses surveyed have open defecation for toilets and 49% of the mothers mentioned that their children do not always wear shoes/slippers. Additionally, 37% of the families do not cover their water container during storage. In conclusion, despite the deworming efforts there is a recurring helminthiasis and therefore, needs a supplementary sanitation and hygiene education program alongside the deworming efforts and installation of proper toilets.
Keywords:soil-transmitted helminthiasis, deworming, sanitation and hygiene program, school aged children, coastal dwellers