Leomel Jezter Bellosillo is a registered medical technologist, spent time in Buea Adventist hospital, Cameroon, Africa, as a volunteer and assisted upgrading their laboratory services. He holds a bachelor in medical laboratory science from Adventist University of the Philippines. He is currently completing Masters in Public Health from the aforementioned school.

Leomel Jezter P. Bellosillo

Adventist University of the Philippines

Abstract

Sanitation and hygiene are important factors in the growth of soil transmitted helminthiasis (STH), which nearly affects 24% of the world population; the highest prevalence seen in developing countries, specifically among school aged children and those living in coastal areas. The purpose of this study was to assess the need of a supplementary educational program to a deworming initiative along the coastal areas in the municipality of Macalelon, Quezon. This cross-sectional study used a stratified sampling method to select family respondents. A questionnaire and the data from the barangay hall and health center were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics such frequency and percentage. The data showed a steady increase in prevalence in the months after deworming which is congruent with 88% participation to deworming but still have a 50% re-infection. Furthermore, about 28% of the houses surveyed have open defecation for toilets and 49% of the mothers mentioned that their children do not always wear shoes/slippers. Additionally, 37% of the families do not cover their water container during storage. In conclusion, despite the deworming efforts there is a recurring helminthiasis and therefore, needs a supplementary sanitation and hygiene education program alongside the deworming efforts and installation of proper toilets.

Keywords:soil-transmitted helminthiasis, deworming, sanitation and hygiene program, school aged children, coastal dwellers