Antwi Fiskvik Boahemaa, Osei Simon Akwasi, Peprah, Williams Kwasi, Antwi Emmanuel

Adventist University of the Philippines

Abstract

Cephalalgia (migraine) is one of the most prevalent pain disorders of the nervous system that affects a large population and has been described by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a forgotten epidemic. The increase of polypharmacy amongst migraine patients has caused a paradigm shift to the use of non-pharmacologic pain management. This descriptive-correlational study aimed to examine the extent of nurses’ attitude and practices in the application of non-pharmacologic pain management of cephalalgia. The study also measured the relationship between attitude and practices on non-pharmacologic pain management of cephalalgia. Significant differences of the attitude and practices on non-pharmacologic pain management of cephalalgia in terms of sex, educational level and years of clinical experience was also considered. Fifty (50) qualified nurses at the Adventist University of the Philippines (AUP) were conveniently sampled to answer a constructed survey questionnaire. The statistical treatment used were the mean and standard deviation, t-test, Pearson Correlation, and ANOVA. The study showed that there is a significant relationship between attitude, practices, and non-pharmacologic pain management. The application of non-pharmacologic pain management infers no difference in terms of sex, educational level, and years of clinical experience. Also, non-pharmacological pain management approach of physical therapy is used when the pain is mild. Non-pharmacologic therapy is a complementary approach and should be implemented with pharmacologic interventions when the patient’s pain is also moderate or severe to promote comprehensive pain management. The study recommends health-care institutions to provide pain assessment and non-pharmacologic pain management education for nurses.

Keywords:attitude, practices, non-pharmacologic, migraine, cephalalgia