Millicent Amponsah Nyante and Dina D. Galang
Adventist University of the Philippines
The quality of life of patients has been an issue in the health care system in recent times. Patients may have similar health conditions. However, the quality of life that they may be experiencing may differ, especially for those who are diagnosed with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). The illness beliefs of the ESRD patients may affect their quality of life. The objective of the study was to determine the relationship between illness beliefs and quality of life of ESRD patients. The study employed a descriptive-correlational design. It utilized the purposive sampling technique to recruit 238 ESRD patients. These patients were conveniently selected from three government teaching hospitals in Ghana. Ethical considerations were observed during the study. The statistical treatments used were Pearson Correlation, and t-test to address the research questions. The study revealed that there is a low positively significant relationship between illness beliefs and quality of life of ESRD patients. This means that as their illness belief improves their quality of life also improves. Also, there was no significant difference in the quality of life of ESRD patients when sex was considered. The study recommends that health professionals should be culturally sensitive to the health beliefs of the ESRD clients regarding their illness; health professionals should take time to know and address the patients’ misconceptions. With this, they can truly develop cultural competence as well as patient-centered plan of care, hence, a good quality of life.
Keywords: quality of life, illness beliefs, renal failure patients, End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)