The AUP-URC has established the AUP Ethics Review Board (AUPERB) to protect the rights and welfare of all research participants involved in studies conducted by AUP faculty, staff, and students. The board was formally established in 2015 and has the authority to approve, require modifications to, or disapprove submitted research protocols on the basis of their ethical soundness. All researches conducted by AUP faculty, staff, and students are required to follow national and international ethical standards of research, such as the Declaration of Helsinki, the Nuremberg Code, and the Belmont Report. These standards include the principles of confidentiality, informed consent, protection of vulnerable subjects, and minimization of risks. To ensure compliance with the highest standards of ethical practice, the AUPERB reviews all research studies that involve human subjects, which is defined as “a living individual about whom an investigator conducting research obtains data through intervention or interaction with the individual or identifiable private information.”