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COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Delivers high quality education and research in sciences, mathematics, electronics engineering and technology.

Mission

The College of Science and Technology exists to provide excellent and quality Christian education to students who would be  future physicians, lawyers, computer technologists, agriculturists, psychologists, mathematicians, musicians visual and graphic artists, editors, writers, librarians and researchers equipped with the necessary skills reflecting Christian values.

General Objective

The main objective of the College of Science and Technology is to provide all college students not only  a broad field of knowledge which is in harmony with the general  objectives of the Adventist University of the Philippines, but also to develop excellence and the perfection of Christian character. It also fosters interests, and wholesome attitudes and competencies, not merely to do but chiefly TO BE, before they pursue various disciplines, including those requiring scientific pursuits, thus preparing them for service to their fellowmen, their country and their God.

BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT

Mission

The Biology Department is committed to provide quality Bible-based program that fosters critical thinking, innovation, and scholarship in the life sciences and emerging areas of biology. Our program prepares and produces graduates who are innovative and competent in the conduct of life science research, instruction, and community service.

 

Vision

The Biology Department envisions to be a leading training center for biology education among Adventist educational institution in the Asia Pacific region by 2022.

Bachelor of Science in Biology

PROGRAM OUTCOMES

  1. Articulate the latest developments in their specific field of practice.
  2. Effectively communicate orally and in writing using both English and Filipino languages.
  3. Work effectively and independently in multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural teams.
  4. Demonstrate professional, social, and ethical responsibility, especially in practicing intellectual property rights and sustainable development.
  5. Preserve and promote “Filipino historical and cultural heritage”(based on RA 7722).
  6. Demonstrate broad and coherent knowledge and understanding in the core areas of physical and natural sciences.
  7. Apply critical and problem solving skills using the scientific method.
  8. Interpret relevant scientific data and make judgments that include reflection on relevant scientific and ethical issues.
  9. Carry out basic mathematical and statistical computations and use appropriate technologies in the analysis of data.
  10. Communicate information, ideas problems and solutions, both, orally and in writing, to other scientists, decision makers and the public.
  11. Relate science and mathematics to the other disciplines.
  12. Design and perform safe and responsible techniques and procedures in laboratory or field practices.
  13. Critically evaluate input from others.
  14. Appreciate the limitations and implications of science in everyday life.
  15. Commit to the integrity of data.
  16. Develop an in-depth understanding of the basic principles governing the science of life.
  17. Utilize techniques/procedures relevant to biological research work in laboratory or field settings.
  18. Apply basic mathematical and statistical computations and use of appropriate technologies in the analysis of biological data.
  19. Extend knowledge and critically assess current views and theories in various areas of the biological sciences.
  20. For universities: To participate in the generation of new knowledge or in research and development projects.
  21. Demonstrate personal commitment to fulfilling God’s calling in one’s profession.
  22. Practice the biblical lifestyle of caring and committed service through faithful stewardship of time, talent, treasure, and care of the environment.

PROGRAM INDICATORS

  1. Participate in continuing education and professional development in the specific field of practice.
  2. Demonstrate effective oral and written communication using both English and Filipino languages.
  3. Exhibit adequate technical writing and oral communication abilities.
  4. Work effectively as a member of multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural teams.
  5. Display good judgment of people, actions and ideas and communicate them efficiently.
  6. Demonstrate effective leadership, coordination and decision-making skills.
  7. Demonstrate productive project management skills.
  8. Articulate the contribution of one’s profession to society and nation building.
  9. Articulate the responsibilities of a Filipino citizen in relation to the rest of the world.
  10. Demonstrate respect for intellectual property rights.
  11. Explain professional knowledge and ethical responsibilities
  12. Articulate one’s possible contributions to society and nation building.
  13. Discuss extensively and articulate information in the core areas of science and mathematics.
  14. Employ problem-solving skills using the scientific method.
  15. Demonstrate critical thinking skills in solving problems.
  16. Apply scientific reasoning.
  17. Recognize the importance of relevant scientific data.
  18. Summarize information using reflection on important scientific and ethical issues.
  19. Perform appropriate suitable mathematical and statistical computations in data analysis.
  20. Demonstrate technical writing and public speaking abilities.
  21. Disseminate information, ideas, problems and solutions to fellow scientists, decision makers and the public.
  22. Participate actively in scientific forum and public discussions.
  23. Apply scientific advancements in ways that are meaningful to other disciplines.
  24. Propose solutions to environmental problems based on interdisciplinary knowledge.
  25. Practice responsible laboratory and field practices that follow proper techniques and procedures.
  26. Demonstrate precision in making observations and in distinguishing differences between samples and events.
  27. Employ appropriate and correct experimental design.
  28. Follow industry standards and national laws.
  29. Discern significant inputs from other disciplines.
  30. Critically evaluate data and information.
  31. Acknowledge scientific facts as part of everyday life.
  32. Adhere to data integrity.
  33. Report results and data as honestly as possible.
  34. Explain key concepts and theories in biology specifically in morpho-anatomy, physiology, systematic biology, developmental biology, genetics, ecology, microbiology and cell and molecular biology.
  35. Make accurate and precise observations.
  36. Design proper/correct experiments for particular tasks.
  37. Perform proper animal handling practices etc.
  38. Knowledgeable and compliant of national laws and industry standards regarding laboratory work.
  39. Perform statistical techniques commonly used for analyzing biological data (e.g. T-test, ANOVA, std deviation, uncertainly of measurement).
  40. Choose appropriate statistical tests for a given dataset.
  41. Develop an objective viewpoint for discerning information.
  42. Participate in Scientific conferences and/or meetings of professional organizations.

PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

  1. To encourage each student to maintain a meaningful and personal relation with the Creator through prayer and daily Bible study.
  2. To maintain an aura of intellectual curiosity that will encourage the student to think for himself and to search for truth.
  3. To offer student ample opportunities to learn from qualified teachers, basic scientific information and laboratory techniques that would prepare and quality  him to either pursue further training along his chosen scientific interest or enter a professional career in the sciences.
  4. To provide a favorable climate for social contact and intellectual interactions among peers of common interest.
  5. To make the student conscious of his niche in the community and his responsibility in protecting the environment from wanton destruction by uniformed people.
  6. To encourage the student to support the national goals and community project through participation in “Bayanihan” and work program initiated by the department.
  7. To provide for leadership and cooperation through the Bio-Dental club and program initiated by the students.
  8. To emphasize through precepts and example in and out of the classroom, spiritual and community values as necessary to enhance a decent health and happy life.
CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT

Mission

The Chemistry Department is committed to provide quality Bible-based chemistry education producing competent graduates equipped with special skills in research laboratories and problem-solving abilities relating to quantitative and qualitative information.

 

Vision

The Chemistry Department envisions to be a leading training center for chemistry among Adventist educational institution in the Asia Pacific region by 2022.

Bachelor of Science in Chemistry

 

PROGRAM OUTCOMES

  1. Demonstrate a broad and coherent knowledge and understanding in the core areas of chemistry: inorganic, organic, physical, biological and analytical chemistry; and in addition the necessary background in mathematics and physics.
  2. Gather data using standard laboratory equipment, modern instrumentation, and classical techniques.
  3. Qualify for further study and /or for entry-level professional employment in the general workplace and mission fields.
  4. Work effectively and independently in multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural teams, acting in recognition of professional, social, ethical, and moral responsibilities.
  5. Effectively communicate orally and in writing, both in English and Filipino, the latest developments in the specific field of practice.
  6. Using relevant scientific data, identify and solve problems involving chemistry and make judgments that include reflection on Adventist teachings and values.
  7. Preserve and promote Filipino historical and cultural heritage.

PROGRAM INDICATORS

  1. Conceptual understanding and problem solving skills in the fundamental chemical sub-field of analytical, organic, inorganic, biochemistry and physical chemistry.
  2. A foundation of physics and mathematics and ability to apply them to chemical problems.
  3. Skills in the evaluation, interpretation and synthesis of chemical information and data, and to draw conclusions from them; ability to assess primary papers critically.
  4. Ability to recognize and implement accurate and precise scientific measurements.
  5. Computational and data processing skills, relating to chemical information and data.
  6. Skills required in good laboratory practices including safety, waste management and record keeping.
  7. Proper use of chemical instrumentation.
  8. Skills required for the conduct of standard laboratory procedures involved and use of instrumentation in analytical and synthetic work, in relation in both organic and inorganic systems.
  9. Ability to use the scientific literature effectively and evaluate technical articles critically.
  10. Skills in the monitoring, by observation and measurement, of chemical properties, events or changes, and the systematic and reliable recording and documentation thereof.
  11. Ability to evaluate and interpret data derived from laboratory observations and measurements in terms of their significance, and to relate them to appropriate theories.
  12. Ability to design experiments and understand the limitation of experimental approach; ability to design suitable alternative procedures and methods.
  13. Communication skills, covering both written and oral communication. This includes the ability to present scientific information in a clear and concise manner and to discuss them intelligently, both in writing and orally.
  14. Ability to dissect a problem into its key features; Problem-solving skills, relating to qualitative and quantitative information.
  15. Numeracy and calculation skills, including such aspects as error analysis, order-of-magnitude estimation, correct use of units.
  16. Ability to use information technology in information-retrieval, evaluation and dissemination.
  17. Interpersonal skills relating to the ability to interact with other people and to work in a team; ability to collaborate with other researchers.
  18. Study and self-development skills needed for continuing professional development and life-long learning.
  19. Ability to exercise ethical principles and social responsibility in their professional and personal endeavors.
  20. Development of a set of character traits leading to positive lifestyle choices, unselfish service, and values that uplift the community and the society at large.

PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

  1. Produce graduates who comply with the current qualification requirements of professional chemists for local and overseas employment and entrepreneurship.
  2. Prepare students for higher studies in chemistry, its allied fields, and other service-oriented vocations.
ENGINEERING AND ELECTRONICS DEPARTMENT

Mission

The Engineering and Electronics Department is committed to provide quality Bible-based electronics engineering and technical education producing independent and competitive graduates who are equipped with special skills in research, laboratory, systems designs, digital communications and computer programming.

 

Vision

The Engineering and Electronics Department envisions to be a leading training center for electronics engineering and technology among Adventist educational institution in the Asia Pacific region by 2022.

Bachelor of Science in Electronics Engineering

PROGRAM OUTCOMES

  1. Ability to apply knowledge of mathematics and science to solve engineering problems.
  2. Ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data.
  3. Ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs within realistic constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health and safety, manufacturability, and sustainability, in accordance with standards.
  4. Ability to function on multidisciplinary teams.
  5. Ability to identify, formulate, and solve electronics engineering problems.
  6. Understanding of professional and ethical responsibility.
  7. Ability to communicate effectively.
  8. Broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context.
  9. Recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning.
  10. Knowledge of contemporary issues.
  11. Ability to use techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.
  12. Knowledge and understanding of engineering and management principles as a member and leader in a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.
  13. Understand at least one specialized field of Electronics Engineering practice.
  14. Practice the biblical lifestyle of caring and committed service through faithful stewardship of time, talent, treasure, and care of the environment.

PROGRAM INDICATORS

  1. Formulate strategies for analyzing and solving problem-based questions and apply the collected information to the problem.
  2. Distinguish relevant information, understand the theoretical concepts and apply to solve engineering problems.
  3. Observe occupational health and safety procedures in the laboratory.
  4. Identify, select, and use appropriate equipment/device, tools and materials for specific experiment.
  5. Configure system, perform measurements and interpret data.
  6. Establish criteria for sound and appropriate electronic engineering solutions.
  7. Implement electronic engineering solutions while observing design standards.
  8. Exhibit flexibility as a team player.
  9. Communicate constructively; demonstrate reliability and shows commitment as a member of a team.
  10. Identify and describe electronic engineering problems.
  11. Analyze problem constraints.
  12. Formulate solutions applying standard procedures.
  13. Know ethical standards of Electronics Engineering profession.
  14. Demonstrate right conduct towards superiors, peers and clients.
  15. Apply written, oral and graphical communication in both technical and non-technical environments.
  16. Identify and use appropriate technical literature.
  17. Be aware of the national and international publications that describe the impact of electronics engineering solutions on the environment, economy and society.
  18. Integrate knowledge of potential impacts to the design and engineering solutions.
  19. Engage actively in self-directed continuing professional development.
  20. Involve in learning specialized courses in Electronics Engineering.
  21. Identify the current critical issues confronting the discipline.
  22. Apply techniques, skills and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.
  23. Apply engineering management principles in working effectively in a team in a multidisciplinary environment.
  24. Pursue an expertise in a specialized field of Electronics Engineering.
  25. Demonstrate Christian lifestyle.
  26. Engage in community and social services utilizing skill sets in Electronics Engineering.

PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

  1. Are technically competent, professionally efficient, service-oriented and committed to the development of spiritual, physical, mental and social faculties.
  2. Utilize research and design methodologies to explore new knowledge and ideas through research and development.
  3. Uphold the standards and dignity of Electronics Engineering profession.
  4. Apply electronics engineering concepts in the advancement of the gospel ministry and society.

Bachelor of Science in Engineering Technology major in Electronics

PROGRAM OUTCOMES

  1. Apply knowledge of mathematics, science and general engineering to the field of electronics technology.
  2. Conduct experiments in electronics technology, analyze and interpret the resulting data.
  3. Demonstrate proficiency in the use of analog and digital electronic equipment devices and systems.
  4. Repair electronic components, circuits and systems.
  5. Accept professional and ethical responsibilities of the electronics technology profession.
  6. Demonstrate knowledge and application of the biblical truths expressed in the Seventh-day Adventist beliefs and spirituality to a variety of real-world issues, especially in family life.
  7. Practice the spiritual disciplines that develop a personal growing relationship with Jesus Christ.
  8. Practice the biblical lifestyle of caring and committed service through faithful stewardship of time, talent, treasure, and care of the environment.

PROGRAM INDICATORS

  1. Apply basic mathematical knowledge to solve basic problems.
  2. Distinguish relevant information, understand the theoretical concepts and apply to solve basic problems.
  3. Observe occupational health and safety procedures in the laboratory.
  4. Configure system, perform measurements and interpret data.
  5. Identify, select, and use appropriate analog and digital equipment, device and systems.
  6. Perform repair of electronic circuit and system.
  7. Know code of ethics of the profession.
  8. Recognize the influence his profession on the community.
  9. Practice Christian lifestyle.
  10. Practice holistic and balanced lifestyle.
  11. Engage in community and social services utilizing skill sets in Electronics Engineering.

PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

  1. Are technically competent, professionally efficient, service-oriented and committed to the development of spiritual, physical, mental and social faculties.
  2. Utilize research and design methodologies to explore new knowledge and ideas through research and development.
  3. Uphold the standards and dignity of Electronics technology profession.
  4. Apply electronics technology concepts in the advancement of the gospel ministry and society.
LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE DEPARTMENT

Mission

The Library and Information Science Department is committed to provide quality Bible-based library and information science education producing qualified and competent graduates who are equipped in the delivery of library and information services, the systematic organization, conservation and preservation of historical and cultural documents.

 

Vision

The Library and Information Science Department envisions to be a leading training center for library and information science among Adventist educational institution in the Asia Pacific region by 2022.

Bachelor of Library and Information Science

PROGRAM OUTCOMES

  1. Select, evaluate, organize and disseminate print, multimedia, electronic and digital information resources.
  2. Effectively communicate orally and writing a variety of methods that enables the message to be understood.
  3. Demonstrate logical and systematic approaches to the accomplishment of tasks.
  4. Formulate objectives, policies and manage resources in the future educational or organizational changes.
  5. Recognize, analyze, constructively solve problems, and provide appropriate direction and assistance to overcome barriers.
  6. Identify user’s needs and wants through reference interviews, customer surveys, and complaint logs.
  7. Understand library’s automation systems, software and online collaboration tools.
  8. Develop information technology solutions (e.g. library automation system, Websites, email system, etc.).
  9. Conduct significant research projects and participate in continuing educational activities that will benefit the library and the organization.
  10. Evaluate and debate information.
  11. A growing, transforming relationship with God and application of the biblical truths expressed in the Seventh-day Adventist beliefs.

PROGRAM INDICATORS

  1. Participate in continuing education and professional development in the specific field of practice.
  2. Demonstrate effective oral and written communication using both English and Filipino languages.
  3. Exhibit adequate technical writing and oral communication abilities.
  4. Work effectively as a member of multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural teams.
  5. Display good judgment of people, actions and ideas and communicate them efficiently.
  6. Demonstrate effective leadership, coordination and decision-making skills.
  7. Demonstrate productive project management skills.
  8. Articulate the contribution of one’s profession to society and nation building.
  9. Articulate the responsibilities of a Filipino citizen in relation to the rest of the world.
  10.  Demonstrate respect for intellectual property rights.
  11. Explain professional knowledge and ethical responsibilities.
  12. Articulate one’s possible contributions to society and nation building.
  13. Produce a collection development policy.
  14. Exhibit good oral communication abilities through technical writing.
  15. Speak with correct pronunciation and correct grammar.
  16. Disseminate information, ideas, and solve problems with colleagues, decision makers and subordinates.
  17. Produce department manuals, handbooks and guidebooks.
  18. Participate actively in LIS professional forum, conferences, and assemblies.
  19. Produce research papers.
  20. Conduct user’s need assessment evaluation.
  21. Conduct customer satisfaction survey.
  22. Conduct service evaluation through survey or interview.
  23. Establish linkages.
  24. Membership in professional organizations.
  25. Attend seminar, training and workshop to be knowledgeable.
  26. Updates oneself by reading ICT books.
  27. Subscribe to any social media account.
  28. Develop web designs.
  29. Develop library information systems.
  30. Undertake research study and present an accurate and in-depth discussion of the results of the investigation both orally and in writing.
  31. Participate in any forums on information policy.
  32. Practice ethics in writing.
  33. Participate in seminars and trainings that enhance skills and talents that can be used for future job.
  34. Able to present the results of the research paper in a local or international conference.
  35. Participate in community programs or outreaches that emphasizes on making the environment clean and green.

PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

  1. Produce graduates that are effective in good in oral and written communication.
  2. Produce graduates that can handle customer service orientation.
  3. With a lifelong learning skills and personal development.
  4. Produce graduates that practice ethics and values.
  5. Produce graduates that possess interpersonal competencies.
  6. Produce graduates that possess cultural competencies.
  7. Produce graduates that are efficient to manage information resources.
  8. Produce graduates that are efficient to manage information services.
  9. Produce graduates that are efficient to manage information tools and technologies.
  10. Produce graduates that are efficient to manage information organizations.
MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

Mission

The Mathematics Department is committed to provide quality Bible-based mathematics and computer science education producing competent graduates who are proficient with mathematical and critical thinking skills, preparing them for research work, programming and the application of information and computing solutions.

 

Vision

The Mathematics Department envisions to be a leading training center for mathematics and computer science among Adventist educational institution in the Asia Pacific region by 2022.

Bachelor of Science in Mathematics

 

PROGRAM OUTCOMES

  1. Gain mastery in the core areas of mathematics: algebra, analysis, and geometry.
  2. Demonstrate skills in pattern recognition, generalization, abstraction, critical analysis, synthesis, problem-solving and rigorous argument.
  3. Develop an enhanced perception of the vitality and importance of mathematics in the modern world including inter-relationships within math and its connection to other disciplines.
  4. Appreciate the concept and role of proof and reasoning and demonstrate knowledge in reading and writing mathematical proofs.
  5. Make and evaluate mathematical conjectures and arguments and validate their own mathematical thinking.
  6. Communicate mathematical ideas orally and in writing using clear and precise language.
  7. Demonstrate personal commitment to fulfilling God’s calling in one’s profession.
  8. Practice the biblical lifestyle of caring and committed service through faithful stewardship of time, talent, treasure, and care of the environment.

PROGRAM INDICATORS

  1. Participate in continuing education and professional development in the specific field of practice.
  2. Demonstrate effective oral and written communication using both English and Filipino languages.
  3. Exhibit adequate technical writing and oral communication abilities.
  4. Work effectively as a member of multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural teams.
  5. Display good judgment of people, actions and ideas and communicate them efficiently.
  6. Demonstrate effective leadership, coordination and decision-making skills.
  7. Demonstrate productive project management skills.
  8. Articulate the contribution of one’s profession to society and nation building.
  9. Articulate the responsibilities of a Filipino citizen in relation to the rest of the world.
  10. Demonstrate respect for intellectual property rights.
  11. Explain professional knowledge and ethical responsibilities.
  12. Articulate one’s possible contributions to society and nation building.
  13. Discuss extensively and articulate information in the core areas of science and mathematics.
  14. Employ problem-solving skills using the scientific method.
  15. Demonstrate critical thinking skills in solving problems.
  16. Apply scientific reasoning.
  17. Recognize the importance of relevant scientific data.
  18. Summarize information using reflection on important scientific and ethical issues.
  19. Perform appropriate suitable mathematical and statistical computations in data analysis.
  20. Demonstrate technical writing and public speaking abilities.
  21. Disseminate information, ideas, problems and solutions to fellow scientists, decision makers and the public.
  22. Participate actively in scientific forum and public discussions.
  23. Apply scientific advancements in ways that are meaningful to other disciplines.
  24. Propose solutions to environmental problems based on interdisciplinary knowledge.
  25. Practice responsible laboratory and field practices that follow proper techniques and procedures.
  26. Demonstrate precision in making observations and in distinguishing differences between samples and events.
  27. Employ appropriate and correct experimental design.
  28. Follow industry standards and national laws.
  29. Discern significant inputs from other disciplines.
  30. Critically evaluate data and information.
  31. Acknowledge scientific facts as part of everyday life.
  32. Adhere to data integrity.
  33. Report results and data as honestly as possible.
  34. Undertake an independent study of an unfamiliar topic and present an accurate and in-depth discussion of the results of the investigation both orally and in writing.
  35. Represent a given problem by a mathematical model and use this to obtain a solution to the given problem.
  36. Apply the appropriate techniques in solving mathematical problems.
  37. Break down a complicated problem into simpler parts.
  38. Adapt known methods and tools in solving new problems.
  39. Discuss the mathematical concepts behind well-known solutions to real-life problems.
  40. Discuss important breakthroughs in the solution of real-world problems where mathematics played a significant role.
  41. Submit a paper or thesis that contains proofs of mathematical statements based on rules of logic.
  42. Assess the validity of the mathematical reasoning in the works of others and identify errors and gaps, if any.
  43. Given a true mathematical statement, questions and investigates truth of the converse or inverse statements.
  44. Able to propose conjectures, investigate their truth or falsity, and write rigorous proofs of the investigation.
  45. Given a survey, expository or research paper, is able to recreate proofs and arguments contained in the paper, provide examples or give illustrations, and propose generalizations of results.
  46. Able to prepare a well-written research paper (thesis or special project paper) that organizes and presents a body of mathematics in a detailed, interesting and original manner.
  47. Able to give an oral presentation of results of the research paper before peers and teachers.
  48. Able to present the results of the research paper in a local mathematical conference.
  49. Participate in seminars and trainings that enhance skills and talents that can be used for future job.
  50. Participate in community programs or outreaches that emphasizes on making the environment clean and green.

PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

  1. Produce graduates that have developed deeper appreciation and understanding of the importance of mathematics in history and the modern world.
  2. Produce graduates that are equipped with enhanced mathematical and critical thinking skills and with substantial exposure to the breadth and depth of mathematics, from classical to contemporary, and from theoretical to applied.
  3. Produce graduates that are able to do research, or work and become successful professionals in a variety of fields (e.g. education, statistics, actuarial science, operations research, risk management, business and economics, banking and finance, computing and information technology, or any fields that require analytical thinking and quantitative skills.
  4. Produce graduates that are productive professionals demonstrating expertise, leadership and a continuing passion to pursue knowledge or higher studies in the field of mathematics.
  5. Produce graduates that are service oriented and that contribute to their professional community and to society.
  6. Produce graduates who engage in lifelong learning in professional and personal endeavors.