Exson Eduaman Pane
Philippine Christian University
Exson Eduaman Pane is a pastor of Seventh-Day Adventist Church. He served as a pastor in North Sumatra Adventist Mission in Indonesia from 2003-2014. From 2014 to 2016, he pursued MA.R major in Systematic Theology at the Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies, Silang, Cavite. From 2016- present, he is taking up Ph.D in Systematic Theology at Philippine Christian University, Manila.
Martin Luther was one of the greatest reformers in the sixteenth century. He led the revolt against the Roman Catholic Church, which hid biblical truths from the masses for many centuries. Luther confronted the Church by posting his 95 theses at Wittenberg on 31 October 1517. Luther promoted sola scriptura, which means the Scriptures is the source of all doctrines and teachings, and they provide authority for the Church. However, as Luther uplifted Sola Scriptura as the principle for understanding the Bible regarding the Ten Commandments, he argued that they did not refer to Christian life objectively. He insisted that Moses’ rendition of the Ten Commandments was simply his meditation on natural law of God written on all human hearts. Luther believed that the Ten Commandments were given to Moses for the Jews only. This meant that keeping the Law does not apply to Christians. During the Protestant Reformation, most Christians worship God on Sunday which they considered as the Lord’s Day. As the leading figure of the reformation, Luther did not emphasize the day of worship and the significance of Sabbath day. Although Luther believed that the Sabbath day was the day of rest and a part God’s law, he considered it equal to all other days and not a day God sanctified during creation. Luther’s understanding of the Law and Sabbath has a huge impact to Christians, generally. This paper studied and reviewed Luther’s view of the validity of the Law and Sabbath, and its relation to the Christians. To complete the study, the researcher used primary resources as found in Luther’s Works and included secondary sources.
Keywords: Law, Sabbath, Ten Commandments